Researchers have shown that a compound found in coffee could help to protect against infection by Covid-19.
The team led by chemist Professor Nikolai Kuhnert, including Dorothea Schmidt and Nicholas Ohl of Jacobs University, was able to show experimentally that the chemical compound 5-caffeoylquinic acid (trival name: chlorogenic acid) inhibits the interaction by a factor of 50 between the SARS CoV-2 spike protein of the coronavirus and the ACE-2 receptor, the docking site for the virus on the human cell.
A normal cup of filter coffee - in the laboratory setting it comprises exactly 200 millilitres - contains about 100 milligrams of the 5-caffeoylquinic acid. Experiments in the laboratory showed that 5-caffeoylquinic acid in this concentration is high enough to prevent the docking of the spike protein to the ACE-2 receptor - and therefore also inhibit the infection process. Further research is required to determine whether this process works in practice as well.
Further studies are also needed to determine how long the inhibitory effect of 5-caffeoylquinic acid would last.
“As chemists, we cannot answer the practical question of whether drinking coffee could really serve as a preventive measure to protect against infection. But we can say it is plausible,” said Kuhnert.
“Many people drink coffee and that it has many other positive effects is well established,” said the chemist. Regular coffee drinkers suffer less frequently from type II diabetes, for example.
For their studies on the effect of 5-caffeoylquinic acid on spike protein and ACE-2 receptor, the team led by Nikolai Kuhnert had to develop a new measurement technique: differential scanning fluorimetry or nano-DSF.
The team recently published a detailed description of this method in the journal Food & Function, titled: ”Investigating the interaction between dietary polyphenols, the SARS CoV-2 spike protein and the ACE-2 receptor.”
As a next step, the findings on the interaction between coffee and the coronavirus will now be communicated to researchers in psychology as well as social science: “Epidemiological studies could determine whether regular coffee drinkers become more often infected with Corona or not,” says Nikolai Kuhnert. Context and implications for Long Covid will also be brought into view here.