Engineering Biology for Climate & Sustainability is the fifth technical roadmap developed by the Engineering Biology Research Consortium (EBRC) and represents the first dedicated to innovations and opportunities towards overcoming a significant global challenge.


The roadmap targets and challenges are aligned and were drawn from existing climate and sustainability literature, particularly those focused on long-term impacts and opportunities, including reports from the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 

Six themes

The roadmap consists of six themes in technologies and applications of engineering biology for climate change and environmental sustainability. 

Three themes—Biosequestration of Greenhouse Gases, Mitigation of Environmental Pollution, and Conservation of Ecosystems and Biodiversity—focus on technical capacity and novel capabilities in engineering biology to limit further harmful anthropogenic impacts and enable adaptation to climate change, while the other three themes—Food & Agriculture, Transportation & Energy, and Materials Production & Industrial Processes—focus on the development of products and production methods that capitalize on engineering biology to reduce carbon intensity and create sustainable alternatives.