Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly aggressive tumor with limited treatment options and high mortality. Senecavirus A (SVA) has shown potential in selectively targeting tumors while sparing healthy tissues.


Source: Ed Uthman from Houston, TX, USA

Hepatocellular carcinoma

This study, published in the Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology, aimed to investigate the effects of SVA on HCC cells in vitro and in vivo and to elucidate its mechanisms of action.

The cell counting kit-8 assay and colony formation assay were conducted to examine cell proliferation. Flow cytometry and nuclear staining were employed to analyze cell cycle distribution and apoptosis occurrence.

A subcutaneous tumor xenograft HCC mouse model was created in vivo using HepG2 cells, and Ki67 expression in the tumor tissues was assessed. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay and hematoxylin and eosin staining were employed to evaluate HCC apoptosis and the toxicity of SVA on mouse organs.


In vitro, SVA effectively suppressed the growth of tumor cells by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. However, it did not have a notable effect on normal hepatocytes (MIHA cells).

In an in vivo setting, SVA effectively suppressed the growth of HCC in a mouse model. SVA treatment resulted in a significant decrease in Ki67 expression and an increase in apoptosis of tumor cells. No notable histopathological alterations were observed in the organs of mice during SVA administration.

The in vitro study demonstrated that SVA effectively suppressed the growth of the HCC cell line HepG2 by causing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Nevertheless, no analogous effects were observed in the normal liver cell line MIHA.

Within a living organism, the administration of SVA effectively suppressed the growth of HCC in a mouse model placed beneath the skin by triggering apoptosis. Furthermore, the authors say they have demonstrated that intratumoral administration of SVA is not associated with any safety concerns, with data indicating that SVA could be a promising new therapeutic approach for HCC.